Understanding the content of a sentence not only involves knowing the semantic meaning of the words but also the pragmatic information that these same words evoke. The way people process the contents of a written or spoken sentence, for example, in the statement “Divorce is unacceptable”, the interpretation of the adjective “unacceptable” will vary according to their own views on the role of divorce.
Estimating the difficulty of a decision is a fundamental process to elaborate complex and adaptive behaviour. A study published on 10 November in the journal PLoS Computational Biology, has shown that neurons estimate the difficulty of making a decision through various strategies.
A study led by the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL) involving Albert Costa, coordinator of the SPB at the CBC and ICREA research professor at UPF, has demonstrated that we think more coldly in a foreign language that in our native one and that our actions are less influenced by our emotions when we use a foreign language.
Reportatge emès al Telenoticies de TV3 sobre l’estudi de nadons i llenguatge que porten a terme Núria Sebastián, directora del grup SAP i Luca Bonatti, investigador ICREA i director del grup RICO (veure reportatge).
Troballes recents indiquen que alteracions en la connectivitat de l'amígdala en estat de repòs cerebral mesurades per ressonància magnètica funcional fMRI (tècnica d’imatge que mesura l’activitat del cervell segons el consum d’oxigen) juguen un paper important en l’etiologia de la depressió.
Gustavo Deco, ICREA research professor and director of the CBC, is participating in a project funded by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). The project “Stroke Neural Networks and Behaviour” within the NIH Grant R01 programme, endowed with a budget of 2.7 million dollars, is coordinated by professor and NIH researcher Maurizio Corbetta and will be carried out in the next five years.
Slowness of thought is not necessarily a handicap, but rather could be indicative of optimal brain function, according to a paper published inTrends in Cognitive Sciences by a group of prestigious international neuroscientists (Kringelbach, McIntosh, Ritter and Jirsa led byGustavo Deco, ICREA research profesor and director of the CBC.